Certification-kb1 070-620 Windows Vista Configuring - Exam Notes
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Status: More notes could be added.
This KB takes up some Exam Notes for 070-620 TS Windows Vista, Configuring. Some Notes are taken from other sites and some are written by John Bryntze
Important! This is NOT a braindump or alike.
56 Questions with a Passing Score of 700.
The 070-620 Exam objectives are the following:
- Installing and Upgrading Windows Vista
- Configuring and Troubleshooting Post-Installation System Settings
- Configuring Windows Security Features
- Configuring Network Connectivity
- Configuring Applications Included with Windows Vista
- Maintaining and Optimizing Systems That Run Windows Vista
- Configuring and Troubleshooting Mobile Computing
Installing and Upgrading Windows Vista
Minimum hardware requirement (Vista Capable)
CPU: 800MHz, RAM: 512MB, Hard Disk: 20GB (15GB free), CD/DVD drive
Minimum hardware requirement (Vista Premium Ready)
CPU: 1GHz, RAM: 1GB, Hard Disk: 40GB (15GB free), DVD drive
Upgrade to Vista from Windows XP
Windows 2000 cannot be upgraded to Vista, need to upgrade Windows 2000 to Windows XP first and then to upgraded to Vista.
All Windows XP versions, except Windows XP starter edition and 64bits Windows XP can be upgraded to Windows Vista and only 11Gb of free disk is needed, instead of 15GB that is needed for a clean installation.
Upgrade Vista editions
You can upgrade from a low featured Vista edition to a more featured one with Windows Anytime Upgrade, for example all home edition can be upgrade to a business/ultimate editions and Home Basic to Home Premium, but not the other way. Exception: Vista Enterprise cannot be upgraded to Vista Ultima.
Differences between different Vista editions
Started Edition only for development countries, have a lot of limitations such as only 3 programs can be started at the same time.
Home Basic doesn't have Aero and have the least features of all Vista editions (not Vista starter edition included).
Home Premium support a lot of multimedia features such as Media Center.
Business support the most basic features in Vista.
Enterprise support language MUI, BitLocker and more advanced features.
Ultimate supports all features, Media Center, BitLocker etc.
Dual boot with Vista
Install the oldest OS first on a separate partition and Vista last on a separate partition.
If Vista finds a c:\windows folder on the partition during installation it will rename the old one to c:\windows.old
If dual-booting with Windows 98 remember to disable disk compression so that Vista can read the partition.
Only Windows NT/2000/XP/vista can read NTFS.
Windows Easy Transfer (migwiz.exe) is the friendly, GUI utility for migrating user accounts, user files and program settings from one edition of Windows to Vista.
The User State Migration Tool is the scriptable, command-line tool that administrators can use to automate the migration process, and it consists of ScanState.exe to collect data from source and LoadState.exe to apply data to target.
The grace period to activate Vista is 30 days. Failing to activate during the time results in users being unable to write to files (read files still works).
Configuring and Troubleshooting Post-Installation System Settings
Devide Manager Icons
- Black exclamation point (!) = problem with device
- Black arrow down = device is disabled
- Blue i = resources (DMA/I/O/IRQ) set manually
ReadyBoost is a new technology to instead write pagesysfile data to hard disk write it to a USB flash drive.
Keyboard accessibility options
- Toggle Keys = Makes noise when certain keys are pressed, such as CAPS LOCK, Num Lock or Scroll Lock.
- Filter Keys = Prevent repeated keys
- Sticky Keys = Makes is possible to do keyboard combinations such as CTRL + C without pressing the keys at the same time.
Multilingual User Interface
Multilingual User Interface (MUI) Packs may be installed from the "Keyboards and Languages" tab of the "Regional and Language Options" Control Panel applet. MUI packs require Vista Enterprise or Vista Ultimate.
Configuring Windows Security Features
Windows Firewall is enabled by default for all connections. By default:
- The firewall drops all inbound traffic except traffic sent in response to a request by your computer, and traffic allowed by an exception.
- All outgoing traffic is allowed unless it matches an exception.
- Windows Firewall supports both incoming and outgoing network traffic.
Windows Firewall have 3 different network Location type and different Firewall rules applies depending on the type:
- Domain - Used when your computer is joined to an Active Directory domain
- Private - Used when your computer is connected to a Home or Work network in a workgroup
- Public - Used often on Wireless hot spots.
User accounts & UAC
2 different user account types, normal user and administrator user.
To run a file one time as an administrator, right-click it and choose Run as Administrator. To always run it as an administrator, set it on the Compatibility tab in the executable's properties. Use the latter if a standard user needs to run a particular program as an administrator..
With User Account Control (UAC) enabled, standard users are prompted for administrator credentials when they try to make changes to the system; administrators are merely prompted for consent.
Know the two most important UAC security options:
User Account Control: Behavior of the Elevation Prompt for Administrators in Admin Approval Mode - determines UAC's behavior under an administrator account ("prompt for consent" by default).
User Account Control: Behavior of the Elevation Prompt for Standard Users - determines UAC's behavior under a standard user account ("prompt for credentials" by default).
The built-in Administrator and Guest accounts are disabled by default.
Configuring Network Connectivity
The taskbar network icon can be displayed...
- with a globe = connected to a network with internet access
- without a globe = connected to a network without internet access
- with a red X = not connected to any network
Know the three classes of IPv4 addresses and their default subnet masks:
- Class A: 1-126.x.x.x - Subnet mask: 255.0.0.0
- Class B: 128-191.x.x.x - Subnet mask: 255.255.0.0
- Class C: 192-223.x.x.x - Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Tip: The easy way to remember where the classes start and end is to think of the loopback address, 127.0.0.1, and the default private network address, 192.168.0.1.
Know the relationship between the IPv4 address, the subnet mask and the gateway so that you know how to resolve connectivity issues. For example, if a PC with an address of 192.168.0.200 can't communicate with any network devices on its subnet, check that its subnet mask is set to 255.255.255.0. If the same PC can communicate with network devices on its own subnet, but not with those on other subnets or the Internet, check that its gateway is set to 192.168.0.1.
An IP address of 169.254.x.x (an APIPA address) indicates failure to obtain an address from a DHCP server. Configure a valid, unused address for the local network on the protocol's "Alternate Configuration" tab. It'll then use that address in the future, instead, when DHCP fails to provide one.
Know how to recognize an IPv6 address. Example: 12ab:2ee8:305c:0345:0000:0000:ca23:ff88
Each network connection in Vista has a network location that can be set to Domain, Private or Public. Know that Private is intended for secure home and non-domain work environments, while Public is for unsecured, public networks, such as wireless hotspots and internet cafes.
If a laptop is intended for both home/work/internet cafe's Microsoft recommends the Public profile.
Wireless devices can connect either to access points (infrastructure mode) or directly to one another (ad-hoc mode).
To create or modify a wireless network that all users can use, click the "Profile types" button under "Manage Wireless Networks" and choose "Use All-User Profiles Only."
Three things to increase security of a wireless network: disable SSID broadcast, create a MAC address filter list and enable WPFA/WPA2/WEP encryption.
Configuring Applications Included with Windows Vista
Windows Meeting Space
Restricted to maximum 10 users collaboratively edit documents (handouts)/View applications/view desktop.
A user can only be in one Meetings Space at the same time, to join another it is needed to disconnect the current before.
Windows Meeting Space require Vista and IPv6 to be installed/enabled and services; peer networking; file replication, to run (service set to startup type manual default).
Vista Home Basic can only join a Windows Meeting Space never host one.
People Near me can be used on the local subnet, outside the local subnet an invitation needs to be sent.
Internet Explorer 7
To run IE7 without add-ons, click on Start->All Programs->Accessories->System Tools->Internet Explorer (No Add-ons).
When a pop-up is blocked, you can click on the information bar at the top of the window to get options to "Temporarily Allow Pop-ups" and "Always Allow Pop-ups from This Site." Choosing the latter will add the site to the Pop-up Blocker's "Allowed Sites" list. Sites may also be added manually to the list through the Tools menu.
The Phishing Filter checks for fraudulent websites and is turned off by default.
The Web Content Filter's High setting blocks everything that isn't approved for children and the Medium setting blocks unrated content and content unsuitable for children (drugs, alcohol, violence, etc.)
IE's Protected Mode (on by default for all sites but those in the Trusted Sites zone) prevents websites from writing outside of the Temporary Internet Files folder, stopping spyware from being installed without consent.
RSS Feeds allows subscriptions to sites with frequently-updated content and can be viewed and managed through the Favorites Center (accessible from the large star icon on the left of the IE toolbar).
By default, RSS Feeds update only once per day. To change the schedule (especially to decrease the interval in order to receive news closer to when it's posted), right-click the feed in Favorites Center and choose Properties.
Windows Mail features a Junk E-mail Filter that has a Blocked Senders List and a Safe Senders List. The two important filtering levels to remember are the "No Automatic Filtering" setting, which removes only messages from sources on the Blocked Senders List, and the "Safe List Only" setting, which removes every message not from a source on the Safe Senders List. If a conflict arises in which a user's e-mail address is in either the Safe Senders list or the Blocked Senders list and his/her domain is in the other list, the one with the specific user's e-mail address takes precedence. That way, you can block a specific user without blocking the entire domain.
Windows Calendar allows you to e-mail your calendar in .ics format to other users or, ideally, publish it on the network for them. When publishing, choose "Automatically Publish Changes Made to This Calendar" or else you'll have to manually synchronize to update the published copy and subscribed users may not always see the most-updated version.
To send/receive faxes with Windows Fax and Scan, create a fax account, configure WFS to receive faxes, allow an exception under Windows Firewall and verify that the Fax Service is started.
To connect a Media Center Extender (MCE) to a Media Center computer, you will need to write down the MCE's 8-digit Setup Key and then provide it to the Media Center computer through the Add Extender wizard. The wizard will automatically open the right ports in Windows Firewall.
Windows CardSpace stores personal cards that you can create to send personal data to websites and stores managed cards given to you by online businesses, representing your business with them.
Windows Sidebar gadgets are added to the Sidebar by dragging them from the gallery. If a certain gadget isn't in the galley, download it from the Internet via the "Get more gadgets online" link.
If a gadget that you added isn't visible in Windows Sidebar, click on the arrow buttons to scroll through the added gadgets. Windows Defender scans your Vista system for spyware automatically, but can be used for manual scans, as well. Programs that are identified as spyware are automatically moved to a restricted folder called Quarantined Items. If a valid file was moved to Quarantined Items, you may recover it by restoring it.
Maintaining and Optimizing Systems That Run Windows Vista
The Memory Diagnostic Tool may be run from the Control Panel or after booting from the Vista DVD, click on Repair Your Computer and choosing it from the menu.
The System Information utility is launched by running msinfo32.exe and lists verbose details about your hardware (especially resources in use) and software.
The System Configuration utility is launched by running msconfig.exe and allows you to choose which mode Windows will boot into, which boot options will be used, which services will start and which startup applications will start. Making any changes will automatically switch the startup mode from Normal to Selective and choosing Normal will clear all changes.
Corrupted or missing system files can be repaired by booting from the Vista DVD, choosing Repair Your Computer and selecting Startup Repair.
Use the F8 key after system POST to access the Advanced Boot Options menu, which includes Safe Mode, Enable Boot Logging, Enable Low Resolution Video, Last Known Good Configuration and more.
Enable Boot Logging writes to \Windows\Ntbtlog.txt and appends each time.
Know the first step to take to undo a recent change that is causing problems with Windows: If a recently-installed driver is the problem, use the Roll Back Driver button on the Driver tab of the device's properties. If you can boot into Windows without problem (and it's not a driver issue), use System Restore (Start Menu->All Programs->Accessories->System Tools).
If you can't boot into Windows, use Last Known Good Configuration from the advanced boot menu.
Configuring and Troubleshooting Mobile Computing
The new, default power-saving mode in Vista, Sleep mode, saves the user session to RAM and then goes into a low-power state. Waking up from Sleep is faster than Hibernation.
The three power plans in Vista are Power Saver, Balanced and High Performance. Use High Performance on desktops and laptops that are usually plugged into AC outlets. High Performance will never enter sleep mode or put hard drives to sleep. Use Power Saver for laptops that frequently run on batteries.
When giving a presentation, turn on Presentation Settings from the Mobility Center. With Presentation Settings, you can temporarily disable system notifications, adjust the volume level, replace the desktop background, disable the screensaver and change display settings. These are all undone when Presentation Settings is turned off.
The "Target Specific Recognition Errors" tool on Tablet PCs can resolve cases in which you've taught the handwriting engine your writing style, but specific characters or words are still consistently being recognized incorrectly.